Red Dao has the second largest population after H’Mong people in Sa Pa. Also originated from Yunnan – China, the Red Dao is a small part of Dao ethnic migration to Vietnam from the 13th century to the 40s of the last century. They live most in Ta Phin, Nam Cang, Thanh Kim, Suoi Thau and Trung Chai communes.
According to the researchers, the Dao people have a close relationship with the Hmong. Previously these two groups were supposed to have the same origin, but each group had a distinct identity. During the time of migration from China to Vietnam, these two ethnic groups have formed different characteristics. Today in Sa Pa, you can easily recognize the difference in appearance, costume, lifestyle, but they still live in a community.
If the H’Mong people choose high mountains to live, Dao people choose the valley or mid-mountain to plant maize, rice and cardamom. The traders usually come to the house to buy and sell to China, so their life is improved. Many homes have good facilities and facilities such as motorbikes, televisions, even cars and tractors used in agriculture.
Tay ethnic group in Sapa
Dao ethnic groups live mainly in the Red Dao because women often wear scarves or red hats, blue and black with many red and white patterns in the neck, lap and dress. Their clothes are considered the most beautiful in every Sa Pa market. The woman also has shaved eyebrows and a piece of hair above her forehead for beauty. They also have their own scripts based on the ancient Chinese script called Nôm – Dao, but this type of writing now only reads and writes to the elderly.
Dao people have the belief that dogs are their ancestors, so dogs are always valued, men are considered mature when they are awarded the ritual. In addition, they also have many special customs such as family who are making wine, they have to put leaves in front of the house, do not allow strangers to enter because the conception that strangers entering the wine house will be sour and kha, so when See signs of dieting you should not enter the house. In the family there are women also show signs of abstinence leaves in front of the house, to prevent strangers to enter the home, afraid new baby crying.
They also have to abstain from children’s hair, when cutting their hair, shaving their heads to leave the crown of hair on the top of the head because it is the place to rest human soul, conception to crown the hair so children will not sick or sick pain. They also think that unmarried men and women are not allowed to take pictures together because it is not good, it can be said that it is a taboo for Dao women sapavietnamtrekking.com/about_us.html. People who take the camera if they want to shoot best should get permission first.
In the Dao year there are special festivals such as the Tet Festival held on the first and second day of the first lunar month, the singing festival on the tenth day of the first month in Ta Phin village, a small version of Dao and people. H’Mong is about 12 km from Sa Pa town. This is famous for many kinds of brocade and styled color by hand skillful talents of women H’Mong, Dao and especially the remedy of forest trees of the Red Dao ancestors. Good to go back and forth today is a good way for travelers to travel long distances.